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Dr.Pavan Sonar

Consultant Psychiatrist, Psychosexual Consultant & Counsellor

MOST COMMON PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS

To list a few....

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Depression

      Symptoms are mainly depressed mood, experience of a loss of energy and interest, feelings of guilt, difficulty in concentrating, loss of appetite, and thoughts of death or suicide.

     These patients also feel change in activity level, cognitive abilities, speech, and vegetative functions (e.g., sleep, appetite, sexual activity, and other biological rhythms). These disorders virtually always result in impaired interpersonal, social, and occupational functioning.

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Anxiety Disorders

        It is characterized most commonly as a diffuse, unpleasant, vague sense of apprehension, often accompanied by autonomic symptoms such as headache, perspiration, palpitations, tightness in the chest, mild stomach discomfort, restlessness, indicated by an inability to sit or stand still for long.

        These can present as alone or with agoraphobia /specific phobias

Panic Disorders

        An acute intense attack of anxiety accompanied by feelings of impending doom is known as panic disorder.

     

Bipolar Disorder

  Patients with both manic and depressive episodes or patients with manic episodes alone are said to have bipolar disorder.

Phobias

       Patients with agoraphobia mostly avoid situations in which it would be difficult to obtain help. They prefer to be accompanied by a friend or a family member in busy streets, crowded stores, closed-in spaces (e.g., tunnels, bridges, and elevators), and closed-in vehicles (e.g., subways, buses, and airplanes). Patients may insist that they be accompanied every time they leave the house. 

      Severely affected patients may simply refuse to leave the house. Particularly before a correct diagnosis is made, patients may be terrified that they are going crazy.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

       Also referred  as OCD commonly.

       It comprises of a diverse group of symptoms that include intrusive thoughts, rituals, preoccupations, and compulsions. These recurrent obsessions or compulsions cause severe distress to the person. The obsessions or compulsions are time-consuming and interfere significantly with the person's normal routine, occupational functioning, usual social activities, or relationships. A patient with OCD may have an obsession, a compulsion, or both.
       An obsession is a recurrent and intrusive thought, feeling, idea, or sensation. In contrast to an obsession, which is a mental event, a compulsion is a behavior. Specifically, a compulsion is a conscious, standardized, recurrent behavior, such as counting, checking, or avoiding. 
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Schizophrenias

    Schizophrenia is a clinical syndrome of variable, but profoundly disruptive, psychopathology that involves cognition, emotion, perception, and other aspects of behavior. The expression of these manifestations varies across patients and over time, but the effect of the illness is always severe and is usually long lasting.

  According to types patients may experience or  show symptoms like paranoia, catatonic behavior,delusions,hallucinations,disorganized speech,negative symptoms of mood  & poor self care.

 

Impulse Control Disorders

     This is group of disorders ,in which each disorder is characterized by the inability to resist an intense impulse, drive, or temptation to perform a particular act that is obviously harmful to self or others, or both.  Completing the action brings immediate gratification and relief. Within a variable time afterward, the individual experiences a conflation of remorse, guilt, self-reproach, and dread.

      These  include (1) intermittent explosive disorder, (2) kleptomania, (3) pyromania, (4) pathological gambling, (5) trichotillomania.

Sleep Disorders

     These includes problems related to either -difficulty falling asleep, difficulty remaining asleep, excessive sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, jet-lag problems etc

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Alcohol & Substance Addiction/Disorders

      Disorders related to either abuse / dependence  i.e. Harmful use of addictive substances : alcohol; amphetamines or similarly acting agents; caffeine; cannabis; cocaine; hallucinogens; inhalants; nicotine; opioids; phencyclidine (PCP) or similar agents; and a group that includes sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics.

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Personality Disorders

       Personality disorder subtypes classified are: 

Cluster A - schizotypal, schizoid, and paranoid (odd & aloof features)

Cluster B - narcissistic, borderline, antisocial, and histrionic (dramatic, impulsive & erratic features) and

Cluster C - obsessive-compulsive, dependent, and avoidant (anxious and fearful features)

 



Book Appointment with Dr Pavan Sonar

REMEMBER . . PROBLEMS BECOME WORSE IF WE HIDE THEM

For Appointment,

SMS on - 9833840141

STRICTLY BY APPOINTMENT ONLY 

 

Psychiatrist in Andheri / Juhu / Kandivali / Borivali

Dr.Pavan A. Sonar is consultant psychiatrist , psychotherapist , sexologist & counselor, providing  services to the patients & clients in the area of Mumbai suburbs. He has been serving areas including Andheri, Lokhandwala, Juhu, Goregaon ,Malad, Kandivali, Borivali & Dahisar.

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